In the early 1990s, communicable diseases such as diarrhea/enteritis, tuberculosis, and influenza/pneumonia were the major causes of death. Lifestyle diseases accounted for nearly sixty percent of all the deaths. This has now changed, and the degenerative diseases such as heart disease and cancer are now claiming more lives than any other diseases.
What are the causes of lifestyle diseases?
Most of the communicable diseases such as polio, malaria, cholera which were very common in the 1970s have become manageable in the modern days due to the advancements in medicines. However, there are new diseases which have developed known as lifestyle diseases. Lifestyle and diet are the major causes of lifestyle diseases Drug abuse, tobacco smoking and alcohol intake, lack of exercises are the potential risks of these diseases. This is very common with the elderly people.
Most people in the western nations are known for consuming a lot of dairy products, meat, sugary foods and alcoholic beverages. Additionally, they have adopted new forms of lifestyles which have increased the prevalence of diseases such as obesity. Some of the medical cases which have been caused by dietary changes include prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, chronic renal failure, depression, metabolic syndrome, lung cancer, endometrial cancer, stroke, hypertension, and diabetes and breast cancer.
It is estimated that these diseases are causing about 14.2 million of premaster deaths each year. Most of the affected individuals are aged between 30 – 69 years. There have been few cases of cancer in the developing countries where people consume foods which have low sugars. Adopting a healthy lifestyle will help you in staying away from these life diseases. This involves maintaining a healthy diet and exercising more often.
The following are the common types of lifestyle diseases
Type II diabetes
This is another health condition which is closely related to obesity. This is a non-insulin dependent form of diabetes which is mainly experienced in adults. India has the highest number of patients suffering from this disease.
High blood pressure
This is characterized by high levels of blood sugar. It is caused by generic factors, overuse of salt, obesity, ageing and stress. India alone has over 100 million people suffering from hypertension.
This is a healthy condition characterized by excessive fats in the body leading to overweight. It is caused by unhealthy eating habits, reduced physical activities, and super-sizing meals. People who are weight are prone to various illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases, breathing problems, diabetes, high blood pressure, etc
This is mainly associated with the abnormalities which affect both the blood vessels and heart muscles. Some of the risk factors for this disease include smoking, high cholesterol level, and diabetes. The number of patients suffering from cardiac problems globally is increasing at an alarming rate.…